Program Director: Lars Peter Hansen, University of Chicago Department of Economics, Statistics and the Booth School of Business
One of my great teachers, Wesley C. Mitchell, impressed on me the basic reason why scholars have every incentive to pursue a value-free science, whatever their values and however strongly they may wish to spread and promote them. In order to recommend a course of action to achieve an objective, we must first know whether that course of action will in fact promote the objective. Positive scientific knowledge that enables us to predict the consequences of a possible course of action is clearly a prerequisite for the normative judgment whether that course of action is desirable. The Road to Hell is paved with good intentions, precisely because of the neglect of this rather obvious point. This point is particularly important in economics. ― Milton Friedman, Nobel Lecture, Journal of Political Economy [read more on Friedman’s views and contributions to economic sciences here.]
This research program will expand our understanding of how financial markets affect the economy as a whole and, conversely, how the macroeconomy influences financial markets. It will do so by bringing together a community of elite scholars with common ambitions to tackle these important challenges. This program operates under the auspices of the Becker Friedman Institute with generous funding support from The University of Chicago Booth School of Business.
Through sponsored research projects, conferences, and interactions with visiting scholars, this program focuses on these fundamental questions:
- How do we best capture the interplay between monetary and fiscal policy?
- How do we construct models and measurements that will better support the prudent oversight of system-wide risks to the financial system?
- How do we provide a more coherent assessment of the financial obligations of government?
- How does the credit cycle influence the business cycle, and how does the business cycle affect the credit cycle?
- What broader lessons can we extract from country-specific monetary and fiscal histories?
The MFR Suite provides a collection of Python modules for conducting analysis in macro-finance. In particular, it provides the model solution to the framework developed in Hansen, Khorrami, and Tourre (2018). In addition, it provides two independent modules to compute stationary density and shock elasticities (see Term Structure of Uncertainty in the Macroeconomy and Shock Elasticities and Impulse Responses).
To report issues or suggest improvements for the MFR Suite team, submit feedback here.
We would like to thank project associate Joseph Huang for developing the MFR Suite. We would like to gratefully acknowledge the Macro Financial Modeling project through the generous financial support from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation and Fidelity Investments and to thank Amy Boonstra, former MFM Executive Director, for her unconditional support. For their feedback, we thank Yu-Ting Chiang (University of Chicago), Jian Li (University of Chicago), Simon Scheidegger (HEC Lausanne), Elisabeth Proehl (University of Amsterdam), and conference participants at the 2nd MMCN, PASC18, University of Zurich, Northwestern University, and participants at the Economic Dynamics Working Group at the University of Chicago. We also would like to thank the Research Computing Center at the University of Chicago (RCC) for their guidance on high performance computing, in particular Peter Carbonetto and Hossein Pourreza.
MFR Request for Proposals
The program welcomes proposals for University of Chicago faculty and advanced graduate students for research projects involving comparisons of existing linear and nonlinear economic models, linkages between economic sectors, new and improved software for macroeconomic models and other tools related to better measurement of systemic risk, broadly defined. In addition, we welcome studies of macroeconomic impacts of monetary and fiscal policy and their interactions.
MFR Program Advisory Committee
The Macro Finance Research Program (MFR) Advisory Committee oversees the research agenda of the program. Members of the committee are prominent experts in macroeconomics and finance with particular interests in exploring linkages between these fields. They have made important substantive research contributions and are well positioned to help the research agenda for the program.
- Fernando Alvarez, Professor, University of Chicago Department of Economics
- John Cochrane, Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution, and BFI Distinguished Research Fellow
- Douglas Diamond, Professor, University of Chicago Booth School of Business
- Zhiguo He, Professor, University of Chicago Booth School of Business
- John Heaton, Professor, University of Chicago Booth School of Business
- Anil Kashyap, Professor, University of Chicago Booth School of Business
- Ralph Koijen, Professor, University of Chicago Booth School of Business
- Thomas Sargent, Professor, New York University Department of Economics and BFI Distinguished Research Fellow
- Amir Sufi, Professor, University of Chicago Booth School of Business
- Harald Uhlig, Professor, University of Chicago Department of Economics
Upcoming MFR Conferences and Events:
- SITE – July 1-2, 2019 – MFR co-sponsoring at Stanford University
- 2019 Housing, Household Debt, and Macroeconomics Conference – September 20, 2019 at the University of Chicago
- Micro Data and Macroeconomic Questions Conference – October 17-18, 2019 at the University of Chicago
- 2019 Asset Pricing Conference – October 24-25, 2019 at the University of Chicago
- Macro Finance Society 14th Workshop – November 1-2, 2019 – MFR co-sponsoring at the University of Southern California (USC Marshall)
- 2019 Cryptocurrencies and Blockchains Conference – November 22-23, 2019 at the University of Chicago
Previous MFR Conferences and Events:
- University of Chicago Policy Forum: Building on the Chicago Approach to Economics – April 25, 2019 at the University of Chicago
- Meeting of the Blue Collar Working Group – April 4, 2019 at the University of Chicago
- Robustness in Economics and Econometrics Conference – April 5-6, 2019 at the University of Chicago (co-sponsored by BFI’s Big Data Initiative)
- 2019 Macro Financial Modeling (MFM) Winter Meeting – February 21-22, 2019 at the NYMEX, 300 Vesey Street, New York, NY 10282, USA
- Chicago Booth Asset Pricing Conference – December 6-7, 2018 at The University of Chicago
- Cryptocurrencies and Blockchains Conference – November 9-10, 2018 at the University of Chicago
- Chicago Booth Asset Pricing Conference – December 6-7, 2018 at the University of Chicago
- MFR/IADB Monetary and Fiscal History of Latin America Conference – September 24-25, 2018 in Washington DC
- 2018 Monetary and Fiscal History of Latin America – August 24, 2018 in Santiago, Chile
- 2018 MFM Summer Session for Young Scholars – June 17-21, 2018
- Taxation and Fiscal Policy Conference – May 18-19, 2018 at the University of Chicago
- Macro Financial Modeling Winter 2018 Meeting – January 25-26,2018 in New York City
- The Latin American Fiscal History Conference – December 11-13, 2017
- Chicago Initiative in Theory and Empirics (CITE) – August 7-9,2017
- Fiscal and Monetary History of Latin America 2016-17
- Government Debt: Constraints and Choices – April 21-22, 2017
- Macro Finance Society 8th Workshop – November 3-4, 2016
- Macro Financial Modeling Winter 2017 – March 9-10, 2017
- 2017 Macro Financial Modeling Summer Session for Young Scholars – June 18-22, 2017 in Bretton Woods, NH
For general program inquiries, please contact Diana Petrova, MFR Program Associate Director, at email@example.com.
Macro Financial Modeling (MFM) Project
Launched in 2012, this collaborative venture works to develop and assess enhanced macroeconomic models that better account for important financial sector influences on the economy. The aim is to close gaps in our ability to define, measure, and manage financial sector activities that pose risks to the macroeconomy as a whole.
The project brings together a network of prominent scholars and innovative early career researchers actively working in this field. Since 2012, the project group has met regularly to discuss and critique current and proposed models. With input and regular involvement of policymakers, the group is working to develop the next generation of policy tools.
MFM typically holds biannual meetings, including a Winter Meeting and a Summer Session.
Please note, that there will be no MFM Summer Session for Young Scholars in 2019, but be sure to stay tuned for details regarding the 2020 session!
Previous MFM Meetings
- 2019 MFM Winter Capstone Meeting in New York, NY
- 2018 MFM Summer Session for Young Scholars in Cape Cod, MA
- 2018 MFM Winter Meeting in New York, NY
- 2017 MFM Summer Session for Young Scholars in Bretton Woods, NH
- 2017 MFM Winter Meeting in New York, NY
- 2016 MFM Summer Session for Young Scholars in Cape Cod, MA
- 2016 MFM Winter Meeting in New York, NY
- 2015 MFM Winter Meeting in New York, NY
- 2013 MFM Macroeconomic Fragility Conference
- 2013 MFM Spring Meeting
- 2012 MFM Working Group Meeting
- 2012 MFM Modeling Financial Sector Linkages to the Macroeconomy
Monetary and Fiscal History of Latin America Project
Juan Pablo Nicolini, Senior Research Economist, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis
Timothy J. Kehoe, Advisor, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis
Fernando Alvarez, University of Chicago, Department of Economics
Thomas J. Sargent, NYU, Department of Economics
Latin American economies have endured a wide variety of experiences in terms of the design, the implementation and the consequences of monetary and fiscal policies. While many country-specific narratives exist, this research project is assembling comprehensive historical time series for eleven countries to provide more complete and comprehensive accounts for each country and to facilitate cross-country comparisons. This project, as part of the MFR, has engaged scholars and experienced policy makers to provide accurate assessments for each country’s fiscal history. The lessons gleaned from analyzing these historical data will offer valuable guidance for policy makers, international financial institutions, and the academic community.
Visit the project website here.
Behavioral Implications of Uncertainty in Macroeconomics Project (BUMP)
Project Director: Thomas J. Sargent, NYU, Department of Economics
How people conceive of and respond to uncertainty is a critical behavioral ingredient of dynamic economic models. In many macroeconomic models today, uncertainty has only modest impacts. This is because these models embrace the assumption of rational expectations that says that people know the probabilities implied by the model. The rational expectations assumption is a valuable tool for evaluating many problems, but is dubious for analyzing many of the important situations we face today when concerns about temperatures, other physical determinants of long-term growth prospects, and demographic drivers of possible “secular stagnation” are on many peoples’ minds. Therefore, we propose to expand the usual rational expectations approach in macroeconomics by attributing uncertainty about to the probabilities to that people in our models are facing. We see this as having vital implications for formulating sensible economic policies. We push beyond the conventional risk-based, rational expectations analyses by building on probe more general paradigms coming from decision theory and modern mathematical control theory. Furthermore, we complement and extend other behavioral research that emphasizes psychological mechanisms. We accomplish this by using statistical theory to formalize how environmental complexities of the model framework can influence individual behaviors.
Click here to read a research brief summarizing the aim of the BUMP project.
Financing Investment in China Project (MFR-China)
Project Director: Zhiguo He, University of Chicago Booth School of Business
The instruments of finance are evolving quickly in China. China’s interbank market has experienced rapid growth and has turned the nation into the third largest economy in the world behind the United States and Japan. Participants in this market include commercial banks, insurance companies, mutual funds, and other qualified institutions. This project formally named “Chinese Financial Markets (CFM)” as part of the MFR, will provide a comprehensive study of the interbank market in China including its overall stability, its consequences for investment and its support for new productive ventures.
The Macro Finance Research Program (MFR-China) will explore financial market evolution, banking reform, debt, and reform of state-owned enterprises. Researchers will investigate the many questions facing China’s increasingly dynamic financial markets—from privacy issues to credit worthiness and systemic risk—including the emerging challenges facing China’s regulators. This research will provide important insight for Chinese policymakers, as well as build resources for future research.
Read more about MFR-China here.
University of Chicago Joint Program in Financial Economics
This Macro Financial Research Program will seek to encourage the participation of interested and promising advanced graduate student researchers. One vehicle for doing this is the Joint Program in Financial Economics at the University of Chicago. This program is a collaboration between the Economics department and the Booth School of Business.
The aim of this program is to exploit the strengths of both sponsors in training PhD students interested in financial economics. Core economics training is valuable for students seeking to do research in financial economics, and advances in financial economics have important spillovers to other areas of economics.
Every year, the program holds a number of conferences, workshops and events designed to expose students to frontier research in financial economics and to encourage research collaborations aimed at supporting prudent policy-making.
Housing, Household Debt, and the Macroeconomy
Project Director: Amir Sufi, University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Housing costs are the largest expense for most households and are therefore a significant portion of consumption nationally. Likewise, mortgages account for not just the lion’s share of household debt but also a substantial portion of credit markets. Surprisingly, however, the mechanisms by which mortgage and housing market disturbances ripple through the economy are not well understood. The University of Chicago is home to a strong and growing group of experts in this area. The MFR is supporting their work and fostering a collaborative community of researchers at Chicago Booth, Northwestern University, and the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
Financial Market Oversight and Regulation
Governments responded to the financial crisis by creating new agencies to monitor financial risk and regulations aimed at preventing future bank and credit crises. How well have these efforts worked? The institute has sponsored conference organized by Douglas Diamond and Amit Seru and supported research that assesses the costs and benefits of this regulation. Collectively, these three projects will help add to our understanding of what we’ve experienced, respond to future market disruptions, and potentially add to our capabilities to predict where crises may arise.